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Effect of water and organic pollutant in CO2/CH4 separation using hydrophilic and hydrophobic composite membranes

Abstract: Membrane technology is a simple and energy-conservative separation option that is considered to be a green alternative for CO2 capture processes. However, commercially available membranes still face challenges regarding water and chemical resistance. In this study, the effect of water and organic contaminants in the feed stream on the CO2/CH4 separation performance is evaluated as a function of the hydrophilic and permselective features of the top layer of the membrane. The membranes were a commercial hydrophobic membrane with a polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) top layer (Sulzer Chemtech) and a hydrophilic flat composite membrane with a hydrophilic [emim][ac] ionic liquid?chitosan (IL?CS) thin layer on a commercial polyethersulfone (PES) support developed in our laboratory. Both membranes were immersed in NaOH 1M solutions and washed thoroughly before characterization. The CO2 permeance was similar for both NaOH-treated membranes in the whole range of feed concentration (up to 250 GPU). The presence of water vapor and organic impurities of the feed gas largely affects the gas permeance through the hydrophobic PDMS membrane, while the behavior of the hydrophilic IL-CS/PES membranes is scarcely affected. The effects of the interaction of the contaminants in the membrane selective layer are being further evaluated.

 Autoría: Casado-Coterillo C., Garea A., Irabien Á.,

 Fuente: Membranes, 2020, 10(12), 405

 Editorial: MDPI

 Fecha de publicación: 08/12/2020

 Nº de páginas: 12

 Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.3390/membranes10120405

 ISSN: 2077-0375

 Proyecto español: CTQ2016-76231-C2-1-R ; PID2019-108136RB-C31