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Usefulness of melatonin as complementary to chemotherapeutic agents at different stages of the angiogenic process

Abstract: Chemotherapeutics are sometimes administered with drugs, like antiangiogenic compounds, to increase their effectiveness. Melatonin exerts antitumoral actions through antiangiogenic actions. We studied if melatonin regulates the response of HUVECs to chemotherapeutics (docetaxel and vinorelbine). The inhibition that these agents exert on some of the processes involved in angiogenesis, such as, cell proliferation, migratory capacity or vessel formation, was enhanced by melatonin. Regarding to estrogen biosynthesis, melatonin impeded the negative effect of vinorelbine, by decreasing the activity and expression of aromatase and sulfatase. Docetaxel and vinorelbine increased the expression of VEGF-A, VEGF-B, VEGF-C, VEGFR-1, VEGFR-3, ANG1 and/or ANG-2 and melatonin inhibited these actions. Besides, melatonin prevented the positive actions that docetaxel exerts on the expression of other factors related to angiogenesis like JAG1, ANPEP, IGF-1, CXCL6, AKT1, ERK1, ERK2, MMP14 and NOS3 and neutralized the stimulating actions of vinorelbine on the expression of FIGF, FGFR3, CXCL6, CCL2, ERK1, ERK2, AKT1, NOS3 and MMP14. In CAM assay melatonin inhibited new vascularization in combination with chemotherapeutics. Melatonin further enhanced the chemotherapeutics-induced inhibition of p-AKT and p-ERK and neutralized the chemotherapeuticscaused stimulatory effect on HUVECs permeability by modifying the distribution of VE cadherin. Our results confirm that melatonin blocks proangiogenic and potentiates antiangiogenic effects induced by docetaxel and vinorelbine enhancing their antitumor effectiveness.

 Autoría: González-González A., González A., Rueda N., Alonso-González C., Menéndez J.M., Martínez-Campa C., Mitola S., Cos S.,

 Fuente: Scientific Reports volume 10, Article number: 4790 (2020)

 Editorial: Nature Publishing Group

 Año de publicación: 2020

 Nº de páginas: 20

 Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1038/s41598-020-61622-x

 ISSN: 2045-2322

 Proyecto español: SAF2016-77103-P

 Url de la publicación: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-020-61622-x