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Binary copper-bismuth catalysts for the electrochemical reduction of CO2: study on surface properties and catalytic activity

Abstract: A series of CuBi catalysts were prepared with different Bi loadings and tested for the electrochemical reduction of CO2 (ERCO2). The developed catalysts were tested on a filter-press cell, and the influence of the catholyte on the catalytic performance was assessed. Catalyst #20C was found to be very selective for formate production, with a faradaic efficiency (FE) of 86.4 %, when Cll ions are present in the catholyte solution. The presence of weak CO2 adsorption sites on the catalyst surface favors the formation of non-coordinated and monodentate carbonates after CO2 adsorption, resulting in enhanced formate formation through an outer-sphere mechanism. For catalyst #50C, an unprecedented propane selectivity was recorded (FE of 85.4 %), being the first high-efficiency catalyst for the ERCO2 to propane ever reported. This remarkable catalytic behavior was attributed to strong CO2 adsorption sites on the catalyst surface and higher CO2 and CO adsorption capacity. It is also proposed that a bidentate carbonate is a key intermediate for the ERCO2 to propane, which is preferably formed when strong Lewis acid and base sites are present on the catalyst surface.

 Authorship: Azenha C., Mateos-Pedrero C., Alvarez-Guerra M., Irabien A., Mendes A.,

 Fuente: Chemical Engineering Journal, 2022, 445, 136575

 Publisher: Elsevier

 Publication date: 01/10/2022

 No. of pages: 11

 Publication type: Article

 DOI: 10.1016/j.cej.2022.136575

 ISSN: 1385-8947,1873-3212

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