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Environmental exposure to manganese and health risk assessment from personal sampling near an industrial source of airborne manganese

Abstract: Manganese (Mn), despite being a trace element necessary in small quantities for the correct functioning of the organism, at higher concentrations can induce health disorders, mainly in motor and cognitive functions, even at levels found in non-occupational environments. For this reason, US EPA guidelines define safe reference doses/concentrations (RfD/RfC) for health. In this study, the individualised health risk of exposure to Mn through different media (air, diet, soil) and routes of entry into the organism (inhalation, ingestion and dermal absorption) was assessed according to the procedure defined by the US EPA. Calculations related to Mn present in ambient air were made on the basis of data obtained from size-segregated particulate matter (PM) personal samplers carried by volunteers recruited in a cross-sectional study conducted in the Santander Bay (northern Spain), where an industrial source of airborne Mn is located. Individuals residing in the vicinity of the main Mn source (within 1.5 km) were found to have a hazard index (HI) higher than 1, indicating that there is a potential risk for these subjects to develop health alterations. Also, people living in Santander, the capital of the region, located 7-10 km from the Mn source, may have some risk (HI > 1) under some wind conditions (SW). In addition, a preliminary study of media and routes of entry into the body confirmed that inhalation of PM2.5-bound Mn is the most important route contributing to the overall non-carcinogenic health risk related to environmental Mn.

 Authorship: Markiv B., Expósito A., Ruiz-Azcona L., Santibáñez M., Fernández-Olmo I.,

 Fuente: Environmental Research, 2023, 224, 115478

 Publisher: Elsevier

 Publication date: 01/05/2023

 No. of pages: 8

 Publication type: Article

 DOI: 10.1016/j.envres.2023.115478

 ISSN: 0013-9351,1096-0953

 Spanish project: CTM2017-82636-R

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