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Chalcolithic/early Bronze Age and additional Magdalenian radiocarbon dates for El Mirón Cave (Ramales de la Victoria, Cantabria, Spain). Date list VII

Abstract: There are now 101 radiocarbon dates from the long Paleolithic and post-Paleolithic culture-stratigraphic sequence in El Mirón Cave, Cantabrian Spain. Here we report on two dates on bone from two different humans whose remains were found in disturbed surface sediments in the cave vestibule rear and that confirm the existence of burials in addition to previously reported residential occupations in the vestibule front pertaining to the Chalcolithic and early Bronze Age periods (ca. 5500-3500 cal BP). In another attempt to resolve problems of stratigraphic incoherence of dates from the early Magdalenian periods in the vestibule rear, six new assays on faunal remains from Levels 119, 117, 114, 108, and 106 were run at Queen's University in Belfast. There continue to be date inversions in the Lower Magdalenian range of levels that may be explained by a combination of intensive anthropic and rodent activity, major rock fall, slope wash and gravity-caused object movements, as well as possible problems in following some thin levels during excavations over a large area and across many years of work in the cave vestibule interior, particularly in the absence of any layers that are culturally sterile or even poor. Nonetheless, the coherent age of the Initial Magdalenian is fully confirmed by a new date from Level 21 in the vestibule front at ca. 22,000-20,500 cal BP), as is the general age range of the Lower Magdalenian (ca. 20,500-18,000 cal BP).

 Fuente: Radiocarbon, 2023, 65 (6), 1372-1385

 Publisher: University of Arizona

 Year of publication: 2023

 No. of pages: 14

 Publication type: Article

 DOI: 10.1017/RDC.2023.123

 ISSN: 0033-8222,1945-5755

 Spanish project: HAR2016-75605-R

 European project: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/818299/EU/Subsistence and human resilience to sudden climatic events in Europe during MIS3/SUBSILIENCE/

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