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Zonation of positively buoyant jets interacting with the water-free surface quantified by physical and numerical modelling

Abstract: ABSTRACT: The evolution of positively buoyant jets was studied with non-intrusive techniques-Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) and Laser Induce Fluorescence (LIF)-by analyzing four physical tests in their four characteristic zones: momentum dominant zone (jet-like), momentum to buoyancy transition zone (jet to plume), buoyancy dominant zone (plume-like), and lateral dispersion dominant zone. Four configurations were tested modifying the momentum and the buoyancy of the effluent through variations of flow discharge and the thermal gradient with the receiving water body, respectively. The physical model results were used to evaluate the performance of numerical models to describe such flows. Furthermore, a new method to delimitate the four characteristic zones of positively buoyant jets interacting with the water-free surface was proposed using the angle (?) shaped by the tangent of the centerline trajectory and the longitudinal axis. Physical model results showed that the dispersion of mass (concentrations) was always greater than the dispersion of energy (velocity) during the evolution of positively buoyant jets. The semiempirical models (CORJET and VISJET) underestimated the trajectory and overestimated the dilution of positively buoyant jets close to the impact zone with the water-free surface. The computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model (Open Field Operation And Manipulation model (OpenFOAM) is able to reproduce the behavior of positively buoyant jets for all the proposed zones according to the physical results

 Fuente: Water Volume 12, Issue 5, 1 May 2020, Article number 1324

 Publisher: MDPI

 Publication date: 01/05/2020

 Publication type: Article

 DOI: 10.3390/W12051324

 ISSN: 2073-4441

 Spanish project: CTM2012-32538