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Tsunamis Generated by Submerged Landslides: Numerical Analysis of the Near-Field Wave Characteristics

Abstract: ABSTRACT: The accurate modeling of the landslide?generated tsunami characteristics in the so-called near-field is crucial for many practical applications. In this paper, we present a new full-3-D numerical method for modeling tsunamis generated by rigid and impermeable landslides in OpenFOAM® based on the overset mesh technique. The approach has been successfully validated through the numerical reproduction of past experiments for landslide?generated tsunamis triggered by a rigid and impermeable wedge at a sloping coast. The method has been applied to perform a detailed numerical study of the near-field wave features induced by submerged landslides. A parametric analysis has been carried out to explore the importance of the landslide's initial acceleration, directly related to the landslide-triggering mechanisms, on the tsunami generation process and on the related wave properties. Near-field analysis of the numerical results confirms that the influence of the initial acceleration on the tsunami wave properties is significant, affecting wave height, wave period, and wave celerity. Furthermore, it is found that the tsunami generation mechanism experiences a saturation effect for increasing landslide's initial acceleration, confirming and extending previous studies. Moreover, the resulting extended database, composed of previous experimental data and new numerical ones, spanning a wider range of governing parameters, has been represented in the form of a ?nondimensional wavemaker curve,? and a new relationship for predicting the wave properties in the near-field as a function of the Hammack number is proposed.

 Fuente: Journal of Geophysical Research. Oceans Volume125, Issue7 July 2020 e2020JC016157

 Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

 Publication date: 01/07/2020

 No. of pages: 26

 Publication type: Article

 DOI: 10.1029/2020JC016157

 ISSN: 2169-9275,2169-9291,0148-0227

Authorship

ROMANO, A.

BENEDETTO DI PAOLO

BELLOTTI, G.

DI RISIO, M.

DE GIROLAMO, P.