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Life cycle assessment of bottom ash management from a municipal solid waste incinerator (MSWI)

Abstract: Thermal treatment of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) results in various types of solid wastes, distinguishing mainly bottom, boiler and fly ashes and slag. To minimise waste generation it necessary to carry out primary measures for controlling residue outputs that involve optimising control of the combustion process. Obviously, after primary measures a secondary treatment is required. The conventional bottom ash management is to carry out a solidification process. This solidification or stabilization process produces a material with physical and mechanical properties that promote a reduction in contaminant release from the residue matrix. Solidification methods commonly make use of inorganic binder reagents such as cement, lime and other pozzolanic materials. Once waste is stabilized, it is usually sent to the landfill. However, despite the heavy metal content, it is getting more and more common the use of this waste as a natural aggregate. In particular, it could be used as a raw material for clinker production, cement mortar or frit production. Other possible management options included its utilization as a drainage layer on a landfill and as a sub-base material in a road construction. In this work it was assessed different bottom ash management options. In this work the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) methodology was applied to assess the environmental impact of different bottom ash management options. Specifically, the conventional ash solidification was compared with the ash recycling in Portland cement production.

 Authorship: Margallo M., Aldaco R., Irabien A.,

 Fuente: Chemical Engineering Transactions, 2013, 35, 871-876

 Publisher: AIDIC

 Year of publication: 2013

 No. of pages: 6

 Publication type: Article

 DOI: 10.3303/CET1335145

 ISSN: 1974-9791,2283-9216