Foreigners versus natives in Spain: different migration patterns? Any changes in the aftermath of the crisis?

Abstract: The main aim of this study, which takes Spanish provinces over the periods 2004?2007 and 2008?2013 as case study, is threefold: first, to test whether labor factors affect to a greater extent foreigners than natives when it comes to migrating; second, to detect changes in migration patterns over the crisis period; third, to unveil nonlinearities in the relationship between migration and wages. To do so, an extended gravity model, combined with a methodology that identifies endogenous thresholds to nonlinear effects, is estimated. The results support that the role played by labor factors is more important for foreigners than natives, especially before the outbreak of the economic crisis. The results also indicate that the relative size of the service sector and, to a lesser extent, climate conditions have gained importance as attraction factors for natives over the crisis, while the opposite happens for foreigners. Therefore, evidence clearly supports the idea that business cycle modifies the decision making of migrants. Finally, some nonlinearities in the effect of expected wages on migration are found regardless of the group and/or time frame considered.

 Fuente: The Annals of Regional Science, July 2018, Volume 61, Issue 1, pp 139-159

Editorial: Springer Verlag

 Año de publicación: 2018

Nº de páginas: 21

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

DOI: 10.1007/s00168-018-0862-9

ISSN: 0570-1864,1432-0592

Url de la publicación: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00168-018-0862-9