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Bandgap behavior and singularity of the domain-induced light scattering through the pressure-induced ferroelectric transition in relaxor ferroelectric AxBa1-xNb2O6 (A: Sr,Ca)

Abstract: In this letter, we have investigated the electronic structure of AxBa1?xNb2O6 relaxor ferroelectrics on the basis of optical absorption spectroscopy in unpoled single crystals with A?=?Sr and Ca under high pressure. The direct character of the fundamental transition could be established by fitting Urbach's rule to the photon energy dependence of the absorption edge yielding bandgaps of 3.44(1) eV and 3.57(1) eV for A?=?Sr and Ca, respectively. The light scattering by ferroelectric domains in the pre-edge spectral range has been studied as a function of composition and pressure. After confirming with x-ray diffraction the occurrence of the previously observed ferroelectric to paraelelectric phase transition at 4?GPa, the light scattering produced by micro- and nano-ferroelectric domains at 3.3?eV in Ca0.28Ba0.72Nb2O6 has been probed. The direct bandgap remains virtually constant under compression with a drop of only 0.01?eV around the phase transition. Interestingly, we have also found that light scattering by the polar nanoregions in the paraelectric phase is comparable to the dispersion due to ferroelectric microdomains in the ferroelectric state. Finally, we have obtained that the bulk modulus of the ferroelectric phase of Ca0.28Ba0.72Nb2O6 is B0?=?222(9) GPa.

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 Fuente: Applied Physics Letters, Volume 112, Issue 4, id.042901

Editorial: American Institute of Physics

 Fecha de publicación: 23/01/2018

Nº de páginas: 5

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1063/1.5012111

ISSN: 0003-6951,1077-3118,1520-8842

Proyecto español: MAT2016-75586-C4-1-P/2-P

Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5012111