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Modeling and synthesis of breast cancer optical property signatures with generative models

Abstract: Is it possible to find deterministic relationships between optical measurements and pathophysiology in an unsupervised manner and based on data alone? Optical property quantification is a rapidly growing biomedical imaging technique for characterizing biological tissues that shows promise in a range of clinical applications, such as intraoperative breast-conserving surgery margin assessment. However, translating tissue optical properties to clinical pathology information is still a cumbersome problem due to, amongst other things, inter- and intrapatient variability, calibration, and ultimately the nonlinear behavior of light in turbid media. These challenges limit the ability of standard statistical methods to generate a simple model of pathology, requiring more advanced algorithms. We present a data-driven, nonlinear model of breast cancer pathology for real-time margin assessment of resected samples using optical properties derived from spatial frequency domain imaging data. A series of deep neural network models are employed to obtain sets of latent embeddings that relate optical data signatures to the underlying tissue pathology in a tractable manner. These self-explanatory models can translate absorption and scattering properties measured from pathology, while also being able to synthesize new data. The method was tested on a total of 70 resected breast tissue samples containing 137 regions of interest, achieving rapid optical property modeling with errors only limited by current semi-empirical models, allowing for mass sample synthesis and providing a systematic understanding of dataset properties, paving the way for deep automated margin assessment algorithms using structured light imaging or, in principle, any other optical imaging technique seeking modeling. Code is available.

 Autoría: Pardo A., Streeter S.S., Maloney B.W., Gutierrez-Gutierrez J.A., McClatchy D.M., Wells W.A., Paulsen K.D., Lopez-Higuera J.M., Pogue B.W., Conde O.M.,

 Fuente: IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging, 2021, 40(6), 1687-1701

Editorial: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.

 Fecha de publicación: 01/06/2021

Nº de páginas: 15

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1109/TMI.2021.3064464

ISSN: 1558-254X,0278-0062

Proyecto español: FIS2010-19860

Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1109/TMI.2021.3064464