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Absorption of coal combustion flue gases in ionic liquids using different membrane contactors

Abstract: Carbon dioxide (CO2) and sulfur dioxide (SO2) are typical gases produced during coal combustion and their emissions have to be controlled and minimized in order to reduce environmental risks. Organic solvents are commonly used as absorption liquids for the chemical absorption of CO2 and SO2, and their use in combination with a membrane device is being studied recently. The volatile character of common solvents produces solvent losses due to their evaporation into the gas stream. Thus, the use of solvents with lower vapor pressure such as ionic liquids as absorption liquids may contribute to the performance of a zero solvent emission process. In the present study, mass transfer of CO2 is studied in a polypropylene hollow fiber membrane contactor when the ionic liquid 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium ethylsulfate is used as the absorption liquid. Mass transfer coefficients are compared with those obtained with a ceramic hollow fiber contactor for SO2 absorption. The overall mass transfer coefficient takes a value of K overall = (3.69 ±0.18) ×10-7 m s-1 and K overall = (3.38 ±0.09) ×10-6 m s- 1 in CO2 and SO2 systems, respectively. Main resistance to mass transfer has been found to be the membrane itself. In CO2 absorption a theoretical effective diffusivity was estimated as D eff = 4.94 ×10-7 m2 s-1 which differs from diffusivity obtained from experimental results (D eff = (1.717 ±0.18) ×10-11 m2 s-1).

 Autoría: Albo J., Luis P., Irabien A.,

 Congreso: Ibero-American Conference on Membrane Science and Technology: CITEM (7º : 2010 : Sintra, Portugal)

 Editorial: Balaban Publishers

 Fecha de publicación: 03/08/2011

 Nº de páginas: 6

 Tipo de publicación: Comunicación a Congreso

 DOI: 10.5004/dwt.2011.2050

 ISSN: 1944-3994,1944-3986

 Proyecto español: CTM2006-00317

 Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.5004/dwt.2011.2050