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Utility of tocilizumab in autoimmune eye diseases

Abstract: Introduction: Autoimmune eye diseases (AED) are inflammatory eye conditions caused by dysregulation of the immune system at the ocular level. Among them, the most representative is noninfectious uveitis, which can be limited to the eye or associated with various systemic autoimmune diseases. Other conditions include peripheral ulcerative keratitis, Graves' orbitopathy, and some forms of optic neuropathy. Glucocorticoids are the cornerstone of treatment for most AEDs. However, conventional and/or biologic immunosuppressive drugs are often required to achieve clinical remission and reduce adverse events related to long-term glucocorticoid therapy. Areas covered: To summarize all the available evidence on the use of the anti-interleukin-6 tocilizumab receptor (TCZ) for the different AEDs. Expert opinion: The heterogeneity of the reported studies and the relatively small number of prospective randomized clinical trials make it difficult to establish robust guidelines on the positioning of TCZ in the treatment of AEDs. However, based on our own experience and the growing number of published studies, we are in favor of the use of TCZ as an effective and safe alternative for patients with severe and/or refractory AEDs. We highlight the efficacy of TCZ in patients with optic neuropathy related to giant cell arteritis, noninfectious uveitis, and Graves´ orbitopathy.

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 Autoría: Atienza-Mateo B., Prieto-Peña D., Vicente-Rabaneda E.F., Blanco R., González-Gay M.A., Castañeda S.,

 Fuente: Expert Opin Biol Ther . 2022 Jun;22(6):789-799

Editorial: Taylor & Francis

 Año de publicación: 2022

Nº de páginas: 11

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1080/14712598.2022.2066971

ISSN: 1471-2598,1744-7682

Url de la publicación: https://www.doi.org/10.1080/14712598.2022.2066971