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Assessment of the zinc diffusion rate in estuarine zones

Abstract: Industrial pressures suffered by estuarine zones leave a pollution record in their sediment. Thus, high concentrations ofmany heavy metals and some organic compounds are often found in estuarine sediment. Thiswork aims to contribute to the enhancement ofwater qualitymanagement strategies in these zones by studying in detail the diffusive processes that take place between the water and sediment using a two-pronged approach: experimental practice and numerical simulation. To provide an example of the practical application of the methodologies proposed in this paper, the Suances Estuary (northern Spain)was selected as the study zone. This estuary exhibits significant historical pollution and its sediment acts as a continuous internal source of zinc, mainly due to diffusive processes derived from the concentration gradient between the interstitial water at the solid particles of the sediment and the bottom of the water column. The experimentally obtained results, based on 6 case studies, demonstrated the buffering capacity of the system and allowed the determination of the required time for the mass transfer processes to reach an equilibrium state. Furthermore, the diffusion rate of zinc was approximately modeled taking into consideration the high concentration variability observed in sediment along the entire estuary. The convergence between the modeled and the experimental results indicated the required contact time to reach an equilibrium state in a real field situation.

Otras publicaciones de la misma revista o congreso con autores/as de la Universidad de Cantabria

 Fuente: Marine Pollution Bulletin 104 (2016) 121–128

Editorial: Elsevier Ltd

 Año de publicación: 2016

Nº de páginas: 8

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2016.01.052

ISSN: 0025-326X,1879-3363

Proyecto español: CTM2012-32538