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Tensile-Tearing Fracture Analysis of U-Notched Spruce Samples

Abstract: Spruce wood (Picea Mariana) is a highly orthotropic material whose fracture behavior in the presence of U-shaped notches and under combined tensile-tearing loading (so-called mixedmode I/III loading) is analyzed in this work. Thus, several tests are carried out on U-notched samples with different notch tip radii (1 mm, 2 mm, and 4 mm) under various combinations of loading modes I and III (pure mode I, pure mode III, and three mixed-mode I/III loadings), from which both the experimental fracture loads and the fracture angles of the specimens are obtained. Because of the linear elastic behavior of the spruce wood, the point stress (PS) and mean stress (MS) methods, both being stress-based criteria, are used in combination with the Virtual Isotropic Material Concept (VIMC) for predicting the fracture loads and the fracture angles. By employing the VIMC, the spruce wood as an orthotropic material is modeled as a homogeneous and isotropic material with linear elastic behavior. The stress components required for calculating the experimental values of notch stress intensity factors are obtained by finite element (FE) analyses of the test configuration using commercial FE software from the fracture loads obtained experimentally. The discrepancies between the experimental and theoretical results of the critical notch stress intensity factors are obtained between ?12.1% and ?15% for the PS criterion and between ?5.9% and ?14.6% for the MS criterion, respectively. The discrepancies related to fracture initiation angle range from ?1.0% to +12.1% for the PS criterion and from +1.5% to +12.2% for the MS criterion, respectively. Thus, both the PS and MS models have good accuracy when compared with the experimental data. It is also found that both failure criteria underestimate the fracture resistance of spruce wood under mixedmode I/III loading.

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 Autoría: Torabi A.R., Mohammadi S., Saboori B., Ayatollahi M.R., Cicero S.,

 Fuente: Materials, 2022, 15, 10, 3661

Editorial: MDPI

 Fecha de publicación: 01/05/2022

Nº de páginas: 23

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.3390/ma15103661

ISSN: 1996-1944