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Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless phases in ultrathin PbTiO3/SrTiO3 superlattices

Abstract: We study the emergence of Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless (BKT) phases in (PbTiO3 )3/(SrTiO3 )3 superlattices by means of second-principles simulations. Between a tensile epitaxial strain of _ = 0.25?1%, the local dipole moments within the superlattices are confined to the film-plane, and thus the polarization can be effectively considered as two-dimensional. The analysis of the decay of the dipole-dipole correlation with the distance, together with the study of the density of defects and its distribution as a function of temperature, supports the existence of a BKT phase in a range of temperature mediating the ordered ferroelectric (stable at low T ), and the disordered paraelectric phase that appears beyond a critical temperature TBKT. This BKT phase is characterized by quasi-long-range order (whose signature is a power-law decay of the correlations with the distance), and the emergence of tightly bound vortex-antivortex pairs whose density is determined by a thermal activation process. The proposed PbTiO3/SrTiO3 superlattice model and the imposed mechanical boundary conditions are both experimentally feasible, making it susceptible for an experimental observation of these new topological phases in ferroelectric materials.

 Autoría: Gómez-Ortiz F., García-Fernández P., López J.M., Junquera J.,

 Fuente: Physical Review B, 2022, 106(13), 134106

 Editorial: American Physical Society

 Fecha de publicación: 17/10/2022

 Nº de páginas: 10

 Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.106.134106

 ISSN: 1098-0121,1550-235X,2469-9950,2469-9969

 Proyecto español: PGC2018-096955-B-C41

 Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.106.134106