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Modeling of lactic acid rejection from lactose in acidified cheese whey by nanofiltration

Abstract: The continuously increasing demand of lactic acid opens a window for the integration of membrane technology in the dairy industry, improving the sustainability by avoiding the use of large amounts of chemicals and waste generation. Lactic acid recovery from fermentation broth without precipitation has been studied by numerous processes. In this work, a commercial membrane with high lactose rejection and a moderate lactic acid rejection, enabling a permselectivity up to 40%, is sought to perform the simultaneous removal of lactic acid and lactose separation from the acidified sweet whey from mozzarella cheese production in a single stage. The AFC30 membrane of the thin film composite nanofiltration (NF) type was selected because of its high negative charge, low isoelectric point, and divalent ion rejection, as well as a lactose rejection higher than 98% and a lactic acid rejection lower than 37%, at pH 3.5, to minimize the need of additional separation steps. The experimental lactic acid rejection was evaluated at varying feed concentration, pressure, temperature, and flow rate. As the dissociation degree of lactic acid is negligible in industrially simulated conditions, the performance of this NF membrane was validated by the irreversible thermodynamic Kedem-Katchalsky and Spiegler-Kedem models, with the best prediction in the latter case, with the parameter values: Lp = 3.24 ± 0.87 L × m?2 × h?1 × bar?1 and = 15.06 ± 3.17 L × m?2 × h?1, and ? = 0.45 ± 0.03. The results obtained in this work open the way for the up-scaling of membrane technology on the valorization of dairy effluents by simplifying the operation process and the model prediction and the choice of the membrane.

 Autoría: Casado-Coterillo C., Díaz-Guridi P., Otero J.A., Ibáñez R.,

 Fuente: Journal of Dairy Science, 2023, 106(7), 4533-4544

 Editorial: Elsevier

 Fecha de publicación: 01/07/2023

 Nº de páginas: 12

 Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.3168/jds.2022-22502

 ISSN: 0022-0302,1525-3198

 Proyecto español: CTM2017-87850-R

 Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2022-22502