Abstract: As the population ages, an epidemic of neurodegenerative diseases with devastating social consequences is looming. To address the pathologies leading to amyloid-related dementia, novel therapeutic strategies must be developed for the treatment or prevention of neural protein-folding disorders. Nanotechnology will be crucial to this scenario, especially in the design of nanoscale systems carrying therapeutic compounds that can navigate the nervous system and identify amyloid to treat it in situ. In this line, we have recently designed a highly simplified and versatile nanorobot consisting of a protein coating based on the heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) chaperone that not only propels nanoparticles using ATP but also endows them with the extraordinary ability to fold and restore the activity of heat-denatured proteins. Here, we assess the effectiveness of these nanosystems in inhibiting/reducing the aggregation of amyloidogenic proteins. Using Raman spectroscopy, we qualitatively and quantitatively analyze amyloid by identifying and semi-quantifying the Amide I band. Our findings indicate that the coupling of Hsp90 to nanoparticles results in a more potent inhibition of amyloid formation when compared to the soluble protein. We propose that this enhanced performance may be attributed to enhanced release?capture cycles of amyloid precursor oligomers by Hsp90 molecules nearby on the nanosurface. Intelligent biocompatible coatings, like the one described here, that enhance the diffusivity and self-propulsion of nanoparticles while enabling them to carry out critical functions such as environmental scanning, identification, and amyloid prevention, present an exceptional opportunity for the development of advanced nanodevices in biomedical applications. This approach, which combined active biomolecules with synthetic materials, is poised to reveal remarkable prospects in the field of nanomedicine and biotechnology.
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