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Recruitment of heterologous substrates by bacterial secretion systems for transkingdom translocation

Abstract: Bacterial secretion systems mediate the selective exchange of macromolecules between bacteria and their environment, playing a pivotal role in processes such as horizontal gene transfer or virulence. Among the different families of secretion systems, Type III, IV and VI (T3SS, T4SS and T6SS) share the ability to inject their substrates into human cells, opening up the possibility of using them as customized injectors. For this to happen, it is necessary to understand how substrates are recruited and to be able to engineer secretion signals, so that the transmembrane machineries can recognize and translocate the desired substrates in place of their own. Other factors, such as recruiting proteins, chaperones, and the degree of unfolding required to cross through the secretion channel, may also affect transport. Advances in the knowledge of the secretion mechanism have allowed heterologous substrate engineering to accomplish translocation by T3SS, and to a lesser extent, T4SS and T6SS into human cells. In the case of T4SS, transport of nucleoprotein complexes adds a bonus to its biotechnological potential. Here, we review the current knowledge on substrate recognition by these secretion systems, the many examples of heterologous substrate translocation by engineering of secretion signals, and the current and future biotechnological and biomedical applications derived from this approach.

 Autoría: Guzmán-Herrador D.L., Fernández-Gómez A., Llosa M.,

 Fuente: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology, 2023, 13, 1146000

 Editorial: Frontiers Research Foundation

 Año de publicación: 2023

 Nº de páginas: 20

 Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.3389/fcimb.2023.1146000

 ISSN: 2235-2988