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Vulnerability to urban flooding assessed based on spatial demographic, socio-economic and infrastructure inequalities

Abstract: Urban flooding is a priority in natural risk management and mitigation because it is the most frequent natural disaster in densely urbanised environments. This research explores flood vulnerability in cities by developing an index that can be easily implemented across the world. Our methodology is based on the arrangement of a series variables into three different classes (demography, socioeconomics and infrastructure) and the determination of their spatial variability through a Principal Component Analysis (PCA). We tested the proposed approach in the city of Santander (Spain) where a vulnerability index map was generated based on the combination of the proposed classes. The analysis show that we can reduce complexity from an initially identified 159 relevant variables to 16 representative and impactful variables in terms of spatial variance. Classification of the variables into three different classes made it possible to quantify the main causes of vulnerability to flooding across space. We produce a flood risk map by integrating our findings with a flood hazard map for the same area. This flood risk map gives urban planners detailed information about the most affected areas and allows them to design measures that mitigate the severity and effects of floods optimising available resources.

Otras publicaciones de la misma revista o congreso con autores/as de la Universidad de Cantabria

 Autoría: Roldán-Valcarce A., Jato-Espino D., Manchado C., Bach P.M., Kuller M.,

 Fuente: International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 2023, 95, 103894

Editorial: Elsevier

 Fecha de publicación: 01/09/2023

Nº de páginas: 14

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1016/j.ijdrr.2023.103894

ISSN: 2212-4209

 Proyecto español: PID2021-122946OB-C33

Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2023.103894