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Fracture load estimations for U-notched and V-notched 3D printed PLA and graphene-reinforced PLA plates using the ASED criterion

Abstract: This paper addresses the estimation of critical loads in FFF (Fused Filament Fabrication) printed polymers and composites containing notches. Particularly, the analysis is focused on the fracture load estimations of 39 PLA (polylactic acid) and 39 graphene reinforced PLA (PLA-Gr) printed plates containing two different types of notches (U- and V-notches) and combining different plate thicknesses and defect length to plate width (a/W) ratios. The addition of graphene (1 wt.%) increases both the yield stress and the ultimate tensile strength, also reducing the strain at rupture and, thus, generating a material whose behavior is closer to linear elasticity. Among the different assessment tools that may be used to estimate critical loads, this work applies the well-known Averaged Strain Energy Density (ASED) criterion, which compares the averaged strain energy over a certain control volume at the notch tip with the corresponding critical value, the latter being a material property. This approach has a linear-elastic nature, so its application to nonfully linear materials may require the use of specific corrections or calibrations. For the two materials analyzed here, PLA and PLA-Gr, it has been observed that the ordinary linear-elastic ASED criterion provides good estimations for the PLA-Gr material, whereas the pristine PLA, with more evident non-linear behavior, the obtainment of accurate results requires a previous specific calibration of the ASED material parameters.

 Autoría: Sánchez M., Arrieta S., Cicero S.,

 Fuente: Frattura ed Integrita Strutturale, 2023, 66, 322-338

 Editorial: Gruppo italiano frattura

 Año de publicación: 2023

 Nº de páginas: 17

 Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.3221/IGF-ESIS.66.20

 ISSN: 1971-8993

 Proyecto español: PID2021-122324NB-I00