Abstract: Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the pressure on healthcare systems has been tremendous and it is
having a huge economic impact. The objective of this paper is to carry out a systematic literature
review of the publications that have analysed the costs derived from COVID-19 from the patient's perspective.
Not only is this study aimed at measuring the impact of COVID-19 in economic terms, but
also in qualitative terms, analysing, for instance, the types of costs (direct and indirect) and their variations
depending on the geographical area under study. Searches were conducted in PubMed, Cochrane
Library,Web of Science and Scopus. The time frame for the analysis was from the start of the pandemic
until 9th December 2021. A total of 322 papers were found. The number of articles assessed for eligibility
was 32, and after applying the exclusion criteria, 13 papers were included in the qualitative synthesis.
Most of the studies analysed only direct costs (69.23%) and were focused on Asia (61.54%),
where the larger indirect costs, as well as the greater total costs, were found. However, the higher
costs per patient and year were shown for the United States. This investigation showed the importance
of COVID-19 in national, regional and local budgets. More studies are to be developed in Europe due
to both the existing differences in the health care systems and financing by country and the difference in
the incidence of COVID-19 by country and wave.
Fuente: Science Progress
. 2023, 106(4), 1-17
Editorial: Sage Publications Ltd.
Año de publicación: 2023
Nº de páginas: 17
Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista