Abstract: In the context of climate change, extreme weather events and sudden shifts in weather patterns are becoming increasingly frequent. The atmosphere is considered a source of meteorological and climatic risks for human beings and living organisms. Numerous studies have examined the correlation between meteorological variables and human morbidity and mortality. However, only a few authors have investigated the impact of environmental changes on human health and, to our knowledge, there are no meteorological indices proposing a methodology for assessing changes in atmospheric conditions. Under the hypothesis that meteorological disruptions have an impact on human health, this article proposes a method to calculate a new index, the Meteorological Contrast Index (MCI), based on weather changes. This index takes into account three variables: i) categorization based on the type of atmospheric process, ii) changes in these categories over a specific time period, and iii) the level of stress associated with these changes, considering the severity of the transition from one category to another. If the predictive value of this index is proven for a specific meteorological variable and disease, it could be valuable in defining biometeorological early warning systems for the prevention and management of healthcare resources.
The Meteorological Contrast Index is the first index that proposes a method to assess changes in atmospheric conditions.
Atmospheric changes are a significant source of biometeorological distress, which can be quantitatively defined using the Meteorological Contrast Index.
Certain diseases are sensitive to the weather, and their incidence may increase under specific sequences of weather types.
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