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Glycaemic control and weight reduction: a narrative review of new therapies for type 2 diabetes

Abstract: Early and intensive treatment of type 2 diabetes (T2D) has been associated with lower risk of diabetes-related complications. Control of overweight and obesity, which are strongly associated with T2D and many of its complications, is also key in the management of the disease. New therapies allow for individualised glycaemic control targets with greater safety. Thus, in patients with a higher cardiovascular and renal risk profile, current guidelines encourage early treatment with metformin together with glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1 RAs) and sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 inhibitors with proven cardiovascular benefit. GLP-1 RAs combine highly efficacious glucose-lowering activity with a reduced risk of hypoglycaemia. Recently, tirzepatide, a first-in-class drug that activates both glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide and GLP-1 receptors, has demonstrated very high efficacy in glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) and weight reduction in clinical trials. Tirzepatide has the potential to help people with T2D reach recommended glycaemic and weight targets (HbA1c < 7% and > 5% weight reduction) and to allow some patients to reach HbA1c measurements close to normal physiological levels and substantial weight reduction. In 2022, tirzepatide was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration and the European Medicines Agency for treatment of people with T2D and is currently in development for chronic weight management

 Fuente: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and Related Disorders, 2023, 14, 1771-1784

 Editorial: Springer

 Año de publicación: 2023

 Nº de páginas: 14

 Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1007/s13300-023-01467-5

 ISSN: 1869-6953,1869-6961

 Url de la publicación: doi.org/10.1007/s13300-023-01467-5