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Retrospective observational study correlating traumatic pelvic fractures and their associated injuries according to the Tile classification

Abstract: Introduction: Pelvic fractures due to high energy trauma present a high risk of associated injuries that compromise the functional and vital prognosis of the patients. The objective of this study was to analyze the relationship between traumatic pelvic fractures and their associated injuries according to the Tile classification. Methods: Retrospective observational study of patients who suffered traumatic pelvic fractures (Type A, B or C of the Tile classification) with concomitant associated injuries, analyzing hemoglobin levels, between 6/2013 and 1/2016. Results: A total of 42 patients were included; of those 69% (n?=?29) were males, mean age was 48 years. 45% (n?=?19) suffered traffic accidents and 26.2% (n?=?11) falls. There was a different proportion in pelvic injuries: Tile A (n?=?15, 35.7%), B (n?=?20, 47.6%), and C (n?=?7, 16.6%) of cases. 54.8% (n?=?23) underwent surgery, 21.4% (n?=?9) needed temporary or definitive external fixation. Significant differences were found between Tile A type and scapula fractures (P?=?.032), and Tile B with sacral fractures (P?=?.033) and visceral injuries (P?=?.049), while there is a tendency without a statistical significal between Tile C and costal fractures. 61.9% (n?=?26) needed blood transfusion; 9.5% (n?=?4) presented hypovolemic shock. Conclusions: Tile A pelvic fractures were associated with scapular fractures, and Tile B with transforaminal fractures of the sacrum and with visceral injuries (lungs, liver and genitourinary). The small number of Tile C prevent us to confirm an association with any pathology, although they are the ones which presnt more hemodynamically instability and thoracic injuries.

Otras publicaciones de la misma revista o congreso con autores/as de la Universidad de Cantabria

 Fuente: Cirugía Española (English Edition), 2023, 101(8), 548-554

Editorial: Elsevier

 Año de publicación: 2023

Nº de páginas: 7

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1016/j.cireng.2022.10.004

ISSN: 2173-5077

Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cireng.2022.10.004

Autores/as

MORALES-GARCÍA, DIETER

PORTILLA MEDIAVILLA, LEIRE

VICTOR JACINTO OVEJERO GOMEZ

MARINI, CORRADO P.

PETRONE, PATRIZIO