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The relevance of Life Cycle Assessment tools in the development of emerging decarbonization technologies

Abstract: The development of emerging decarbonization technologies requires advanced tools for decision-making that incorporate the environmental perspective from the early design. Today, Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is the preferred tool to promote sustainability in the technology development, identifying environmental challenges and opportunities and defining the final implementation pathways. So far, most environmental studies related to decarbonization emerging solutions are still limited to midpoint metrics, mainly the carbon footprint, with global sustainability implications being relatively unexplored. In this sense, the Planetary Boundaries (PBs) have been recently proposed to identify the distance to the ideal reference state. Hence, PB-LCA methodology can be currently applied to transform the resource use and emissions to changes in the values of PB control variables. This study shows a complete picture of the LCA' s role in developing emerging technologies. For this purpose, a case study based on the electrochemical conversion of CO2 to formic acid is used to show the possibilities of LCA approaches highlighting the potential pitfalls when going beyond greenhouse gas emission reduction and obtaining the absolute sustainability level in terms of four PBs.

 Autoría: Fernández-González J., Rumayor M., Domínguez-Ramos A., Irabien A., Ortiz I.,

 Fuente: JACS Au, 2023, 3(10), 2631-2639

Editorial: American Chemical Society

 Fecha de publicación: 23/10/2023

Nº de páginas: 9

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1021/jacsau.3c00276

ISSN: 2691-3704

 Proyecto español: PID2020-112845RB-I00

Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1021/jacsau.3c00276