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Very APBI in 1 or 2 days: late toxicity and early oncological outcomes of the GEC-ESTRO cohort

Abstract: Purpose/Objective(s): To analyze late toxicity after very accelerated partial breast irradiation (VAPBI) for low-risk breast cancer. Materials/Methods: In this retrospective observational international multicenter study (HDH F20220713143949) from 7 European centers, patients with low-risk breast cancer underwent lumpectomy?+?adjuvant VAPBI based on high-dose rate (HDR) multicatheter interstitial brachytherapy (MIB). VAPBI was performed with 4 (4?×?6.2 Gy/2 d), 3 (3?×?7.45 Gy/2 d) or 1 fraction (1?×?16 Gy or 1?×?18 Gy/1 d). Primary endpoint was late toxicity. Secondary endpoints were oncological outcome based on cumulative incidence of breast cancer local relapse (LR) and distant metastasis disease (DMD) and cause-specific (CSS) and overall (OS) survival. Prognostic factors for late toxicity were analyzed. Results: rom 01/2012 to 06/2022, the GEC-ESTRO VAPBI cohort included 516 pts with an early breast cancer. Median follow-up was 42 months [95% CI?=?39 ? 44]. Median age was 71 years [40 - 100]. Median tumor size was 12 mm [1 ? 46]. Tumor was mainly invasive ductal carcinoma (78%), pN0 (88.5%), with positive hormonal receptors (98.5%) and negative HER2 overexpression (96%). Patients underwent hormonal and chemo-therapy in 93.8% and 2.3% respectively. Catheter placement was performed peri or post-operatively in 50.2% and 49.8% respectively. Median time interval between surgery and VABPI was 10 days [6 ? 65]. VAPBI delivered 1, 3 and 4 fractions for 205 pts (39.7%), 167 pts (32.4%) and 144 pts (28%) respectively. Median CTV was 40.7 cc [95% CI?=?26.6 ? 72], median V100%, V150%, D90% and Dose non-uniformity ratio (DNR) were 90.2% [95% CI?=?84.1 ? 97.2], 24.2% [95% CI?=?18.9 ? 31.6], 103.8% [95% CI?=?100.1 ? 107.4] and 0.28 [95% CI?=?0.23 ? 0.33] respectively, 211 late toxicity events were observed in 168 pts (32.6%). Fibrosis, dyschromia, pain and telangiectasia were observed in 26.7%, 7.9%, 7.2% and 0.4 respectively. Grade 2 and 3 late toxicities were observed in 7.2 and 0.6% respectively (no G4). Grade ?2 late toxicity was observed in 8.1%, 16.7% and 3.7% after 1, 3 and 4 fractions, respectively (p?=?0.004). CTV > 50 cc (p?=?0.007) and V150 > 40% (p?=?0.027) were prognostic factors for G?2 late toxicity. Regarding oncological outcome, 4-year cumulative incidence of LR, RR and DMD were 2% [95% CI?=?0 - 3], 1% [95% CI?=?0 - 2] and 1% [95% CI?=?0 - 2] respectively. CSS and OS were 98% [95% CI?=?96 - 100] and 93% [95% CI?=?90 - 96] respectively. No significant difference was observed in terms of oncological outcome between the 3-fractionation groups. Conclusion: VAPBI based on 1 or 2 days of HDR MIB represents an attractive de-escalation irradiation approach for low-risk breast cancer. Late toxicity profile appears acceptable while early oncological outcome shows excellent local control. Brachytherapy technique remains a key component of clinical outcome. Longer follow-up is warranted in order to confirm these encouraging preliminary results.

Editorial: Pergamon Press

 Año de publicación: 2023

Nº de páginas: 2

Tipo de publicación: Comunicación a Congreso

 DOI: 10.1016/j.ijrobp.2023.06.643

ISSN: 0360-3016,1879-355X

Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijrobp.2023.06.643

Autoría

HANNOUN-LEVI, J. M.

GIMENO MORALES, M.

GUINOT, J. L.

GAZTANAGA BORONAT, M.

MESZAROS, N.

POLGAR, C.

STRNAD, V.

SCHIAPPA, R.

GUTIÉRREZ, C.