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Reduced signal transduction by 5-HT4 receptors after long-term venlafaxine treatment in rats

Abstract: Background and purpose: The 5-HT4 receptor may be a target for antidepressant drugs. Here we have examined the effects of the dual antidepressant, venlafaxine, on 5-HT4 receptor-mediated signalling events. Experimental approach: The effects of 21 days treatment (p.o.) with high (40?mg·kg?1) and low (10?mg·kg?1) doses of venlafaxine, were evaluated at different levels of 5-HT4 receptor-mediated neurotransmission by using in situ hybridization, receptor autoradiography, adenylate cyclase assays and electrophysiological recordings in rat brain. The selective noradrenaline reuptake inhibitor, reboxetine (10?mg·kg?1, 21 days) was also evaluated on 5-HT4 receptor density. Key results: Treatment with a high dose (40?mg·kg?1) of venlafaxine did not alter 5-HT4 mRNA expression, but decreased the density of 5-HT4 receptors in caudate-putamen (% reduction = 26 ± 6), hippocampus (% reduction = 39 ± 7 and 39 ± 8 for CA1 and CA3 respectively) and substantia nigra (% reduction = 49 ± 5). Zacopride-stimulated adenylate cyclase activation was unaltered following low-dose treatment (10?mg·kg?1) while it was attenuated in rats treated with 40?mg·kg?1 of venlafaxine (% reduction = 51 ± 2). Furthermore, the amplitude of population spike in pyramidal cells of CA1 of hippocampus induced by zacopride was significantly attenuated in rats receiving either dose of venlafaxine. Chronic reboxetine did not modify 5-HT4 receptor density. Conclusions and implications: Our data indicate a functional desensitization of 5-HT4 receptors after chronic venlafaxine, similar to that observed after treatment with the classical selective inhibitors of 5-HT reuptake.

 Autoría: Vidal R., Valdizan E.M., Vilaró M.T., Pazos A., Castro E.,

 Fuente: British Journal of Pharmacology, 2010, 161(3), 695-706

Editorial: Wiley

 Fecha de publicación: 01/10/2010

Nº de páginas: 12

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1111/j.1476-5381.2010.00903.x

ISSN: 0007-1188,1476-5381

 Proyecto español: SAF04-00941

Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1476-5381.2010.00903.x

Autoría

REBECA VIDAL CASADO

ELSA MARIA VALDIZAN RUIZ

VILARÓ, M. T.