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Observation of triple J/? meson production in proton-proton collisions

Abstract: Protons consist of three valence quarks, two up-quarks and one down-quark, held together by gluons and a sea of quark-antiquark pairs. Collectively, quarks and gluons are referred to as partons. In a proton-proton collision, typically only one parton of each proton undergoes a hard scattering - referred to as single-parton scattering - leaving the remainder of each proton only slightly disturbed. Here, we report the study of double- and triple-parton scatterings through the simultaneous production of three J/? mesons, which consist of a charm quark-antiquark pair, in proton-proton collisions recorded with the CMS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider. We observed this process - reconstructed through the decays of J/? mesons into pairs of oppositely charged muons - with a statistical significance above five standard deviations. We measured the inclusive fiducial cross-section to be 272+141 -104 (stat) ± 17 (syst) fb, and compared it to theoretical expectations for triple-J/? meson production in single-, double- and triple-parton scattering scenarios. Assuming factorization of multiple hard-scattering probabilities in terms of single-parton scattering cross-sections, doubleand triple-parton scattering are the dominant contributions for the measured process.

 Autoría: Tumasyan A., Adam W., Andrejkovic J.W., Bergauer T., Chatterjee S., Damanakis K., Dragicevic M., Del Valle A.E., Frühwirth R., Jeitler M., Krammer N., Lechner L., Liko D., Mikulec I., Paulitsch P., Pitters F.M., Schieck J., Schöfbeck R., Schwarz D., Templ S., Waltenberger W., Wulz C.E., Chekhovsky V., Litomin A., Makarenko V., Darwish M.R., De Wolf E.A., Janssen T., Kello T., Lelek A., Sfar H.R., Van Mechelen P., Van Putte S., Rem

 Fuente: Nature Physics, 2023, 19(3), 338-350

 Editorial: Nature Publishing Group

 Fecha de publicación: 01/03/2023

 Nº de páginas: 17

 Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1038/s41567-022-01838-y

 ISSN: 1745-2473,1745-2481

 Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41567-022-01838-y