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Strain-induced ferromagnetic to antiferromagnetic crossover in d9-Ion (Cu2+ and Ag2+)-layered perovskites

Abstract: A characteristic aspect of undoped high-temperature layered copper oxide superconductors is their strong in-plane antiferromagnetic coupling. This state is markedly different from that found in other chemically similar copper- or silver-layered fluorides, which display a ferromagnetic ground state. The latter has been connected in the literature with the presence of an orthorhombic deformation of the lattice that shifts the intermediate ligand between two metal ions to be closer to one and further from the other. This distortion is completely absent in the oxides, which are essentially tetragonal. However, no quantitative information exists about how this distortion influences the antiferromagnetic state and its relative stability with respect to the ferromagnetic state. Here, we carry out first-principles simulations to show that the fluorides in the parent tetragonal phase are also antiferromagnetic and that the antiferromagnetic-to-ferromagnetic transition is only triggered for a large enough distortion, with a typical ligand shift of 0.1 Å. Moreover, we employ a valence-bond model and second-principles simulations to show that the factor in superexchange that favors the antiferromagnetic state reduces as the ligand moves away from the symmetric metal?metal position. Importantly, we find that this distortion is sensitive to the application of an epitaxial strain which, in turn, allows controlling the difference of energy between ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic states and thus the Curie or Néel temperatures. In fact, for compressive strains larger than 5.1%, this piezomagnetic effect makes K2CuF4 and Cs2AgF4 antiferromagnetic, making these two lattices close chemical analogs of oxide superconductors.

 Fuente: Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2023, 127(17), 8332 - 8341

 Editorial: American Chemical Society

 Fecha de publicación: 01/05/2023

 Nº de páginas: 10

 Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.3c01166

 ISSN: 1932-7447,1932-7455

 Proyecto español: PGC2018-096955-B-C41

 Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.3c01166