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Diagnostic role of 11C-Pittsburgh compound B retention patterns and glucose metabolism by fluorine-18- fluorodeoxyglucose PET/CT in amnestic and nonamnestic mild cognitive impairment patients

Abstract: Objective Amyloid imaging clinically is usually reported as positive or negative, and the role of amyloid topography has not been studied before. To evaluate in a clinical setting the regional distribution patterns of 11C-Pittsburgh compound B (11C-PIB) and the fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) uptake in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), we designed this study. Methods We studied 81 consecutive MCI patients, 64 amnestic (A-MCI) and 17 nonamnestic (NA-MCI) by 11C-PIB and 18F-FDG PET/computed tomography, by visual analysis. PIB retention was classified according to the regional distribution into the following patterns: A (frontal, lateral temporal, basal ganglia and anterior cingulate) and B (global retention). 18F-FDG images were considered positive only if temporoparietal hypometabolism consistent with Alzheimer’s disease was observed. Results In 42 of the 64 A-MCI, 11C-PIB was positive. Twelve of the 42 positive A-MCI showed an A-pattern, all 18F-FDG negative, and 30 a B-pattern, 10 18F-FDG positive and 20 18F-FDG negative. Of the 17 NA-MCI, 11C-PIB was positive in three and 18F-FDG was positive in one. The different proportion of 11C-PIB positivity in A-MCI and NA-MCI was highly significant (P<0.001). Conclusion Two different 11C-PIB patterns were observed in MCI patients and for the A-pattern, glucose hypometabolism consistent with Alzheimer’s disease is highly unlikely. These findings may contribute towards a better selection of patients for future potential treatments and also to optimize the use of 18F-FDG-PET/CT.

 Fuente: Nuclear Medicine Communications 2016, Vol 37 No 11

 Editorial: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

 Año de publicación: 2016

 Nº de páginas: 8

 Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1097/MNM.0000000000000569

 ISSN: 0143-3636,1473-5628

Autoría

JULIO FRANCISCO JIMENEZ BONILLA

BANZO, IGNACIO

ARCOCHA TORRES, MARÍA DE

Mª ISABEL MARTINEZ RODRIGUEZ

LAVADO PÉREZ, CARMEN

BRAVO FERRER, ZULLY

PASCUAL SANCHEZ JUAN

JOSE MANUEL CARRIL CARRIL