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An algebraic framework for computing the topology of offsets to rational curves

Abstract: A new algebraic framework is introduced for computing the topology of the offset C? at distance ? to a rational plane curve C defined by a parameterization (x(t), y(t)). The focus is on computing the topology of C? by analyzing the image of the parameterization of C? which involves square roots. This framework is mainly intended to deal with curves that bring initially complicated singularities or with curves such that the offset to compute introduces such singularities making approximation techniques difficult to apply in these cases. In this framework the topology of C? is determined by computing, among other notable points, its singular, discontinuity and self-intersection points together with analyzing the ordering of these points, according to the values of the parameter t, obtaining in this way the final branching producing the searched topology for C? . The computation of the singular and discontinuity points requires determining the real roots of two univariate polynomials. Self-intersection points are characterized as the intersection of two auxiliary algebraic curves and require to compute only one sequence of subresultants. This approach requires only the manipulation of x(t) and y(t) without computing and dealing with the implicit equation of C? (known to be typically a huge polynomial difficult to deal with).

 Congreso: International Conference on Geometric Modeling and Processing GMP 2017 (11ª. 2017. Xiamen)

 Editorial: Elsevier

 Año de publicación: 2017

 Nº de páginas: 15

 Tipo de publicación: Comunicación a Congreso

 DOI: 10.1016/j.cagd.2017.03.007

 ISSN: 0167-8396,1879-2332

 Proyecto español: MTM2014-54141-P

 Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cagd.2017.03.007