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Adsorptive capture of ionic and non-ionic pollutants using a versatile hybrid amphiphilic-nanomica

Abstract: A versatile, functional nanomaterial for the removal of ionic and non-ionic pollutants is presented in this work. For that purpose, the high charge mica Na-4-Mica was exchanged with the cationic surfactant (C16H33NH(CH3)2)+. The intercalation of the tertiary amine in the swellable nano-clay provides the optimal hydrophilic/hydrophobic nature in the bidimensional galleries of the nanomaterial responsible for the dual functionality. The organo-mica, made by functionalization with C16H33NH3+, was also synthesized for comparison purposes. Both samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction techniques and transmission electron microscopy. Then, the samples were exposed to a saturated atmosphere of cyclohexylamine for two days, and the adsorption capacity was evaluated by thermogravimetric measurements. Eu3+ cations served as a proof of concept for the adsorption of ionic pollutants in an aqueous solution. Optical measurements were used to identify the adsorption mechanism of Eu3+ cations, since Eu3+ emissions, including the relative intensity of different f-f transitions and the luminescence lifetime, can be used as an ideal spectroscopic probe to characterize the local environment. Finally, the stability of the amphiphilic hybrid nanomaterial after the adsorption was also tested.

 Authorship: Aguado F., Martín-Rodríguez R., Pesquera C., Valiente R., Perdigón A.C.,

 Fuente: Nanomaterials, 2021, 11(12), 3167

 Publisher: MDPI

 Publication date: 23/11/2021

 No. of pages: 13

 Publication type: Article

 DOI: 10.3390/nano11123167

 ISSN: 2079-4991