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Quality of Life, Health and the Great Recession in Spain: Why Older People Matter?

Abstract: The financial crisis of 2008 precipitated the "Great Recession". In this scenario, we took Spain as a country of study, because although it experienced significant negative shocks associatedwith macroeconomic variables (GDP or unemployment), its welfare indicators have been marked by limited changes. This study used data from waves 2 and 4 (years 2006-2007 and 2010-2012, respectively) of the Survey on Health, Aging and Retirement in Europe (SHARE). Specifically,through logistic regressions we have analysed the effects of socioeconomic, demographic, healthand "Great Recession" factors on the quality of life (QoL) of elders in Spain. Although QoL did not change too much during the "Great Recession", the results confirmed the importance of severalfactors (such as chronicity) that affect the satisfaction with the QoL among the older people. In this regard, statistically significant effects were obtained for individual exposure to recession. Therefore, a decrease in household income in the crisis period with respect to the pre-crisis period would increase by 44% the probability of reporting a low QoL (OR = 1.44; 95% CI: 1.00-2.07). Furthermore,gender differences were observed. Health and socioeconomic variables are the most significantwhen determining individual QoL. Therefore, when creating policies, establishing multidisciplinary collaborations is essential.

 Authorship: Blázquez-Fernández C., Cantarero-Prieto D., Pascual-Sáez M.,

 Fuente: Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021,18, 2028

 Publisher: MDPI

 Publication date: 19/02/2021

 No. of pages: 8

 Publication type: Article

 DOI: 10.3390/ijerph18042028

 ISSN: 1661-7827,1660-4601