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Multifrequency microwave radiometry for characterizing theiInternal temperature of biological tissues

Abstract: The analysis of near-field radiometry is described for characterizing the internal temperature of biological tissues, for which a system based on multifrequency pseudo-correlation-type radiometers is proposed. The approach consists of a new topology with multiple output devices that enables real-time calibration and performance assessment, recalibrating the receiver through simultaneous measurable outputs. Experimental characterization of the prototypes includes a welldefined calibration procedure, which is described and demonstrated, as well as DC conversion from the microwave input power. Regarding performance, high sensitivity is provided in all the bands with noise temperatures around 100 K, reducing the impact of the receiver on the measurements and improving its sensitivity. Calibrated temperature retrievals exhibit outstanding results for several noise sources, for which temperature deviations are lower than 0.1% with regard to the expected temperature. Furthermore, a temperature recovery test for biological tissues, such as a human forearm, provides temperature values on the order of 310 K. In summary, the radiometers design, calibration method and temperature retrieval demonstrated significant results in all bands, validating their use for biomedical applications.

 Authorship: Villa E., Aja B., de la Fuente L., Artal E., Arteaga-Marrero N., Ramos G., Ruiz-Alzola J.,

 Fuente: Biosensors, 2023, 13(1), 25

 Publisher: MDPI

 Publication date: 26/12/2023

 No. of pages: 21

 Publication type: Article

 DOI: 10.3390/bios13010025

 ISSN: 2079-6374

 Spanish project: ESP2015-70646-C2-2-R