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Continuous-flow separation of magnetic particles from biofluids: how does the microdevice geometry determine the separation performance?

Abstract: The use of functionalized magnetic particles for the detection or separation of multiple chemicals and biomolecules from biofluids continues to attract significant attention. After their incubation with the targeted substances, the beads can be magnetically recovered to perform analysis or diagnostic tests. Particle recovery with permanent magnets in continuous-flow microdevices has gathered great attention in the last decade due to the multiple advantages of microfluidics. As such, great efforts have been made to determine the magnetic and fluidic conditions for achieving complete particle capture; however, less attention has been paid to the effect of the channel geometry on the system performance, although it is key for designing systems that simultaneously provide high particle recovery and flow rates. Herein, we address the optimization of Y-Y-shaped microchannels, where magnetic beads are separated from blood and collected into a buffer stream by applying an external magnetic field. The influence of several geometrical features (namely cross section shape, thickness, length, and volume) on both bead recovery and system throughput is studied. For that purpose, we employ an experimentally validated Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) numerical model that considers the dominant forces acting on the beads during separation. Our results indicate that rectangular, long devices display the best performance as they deliver high particle recovery and high throughput. Thus, this methodology could be applied to the rational design of lab-on-a-chip devices for any magnetically driven purification, enrichment or isolation.

 Authorship: González Fernández C., Gómez Pastora J., Basauri A., Fallanza M., Bringas E., Chalmers J.J., Ortiz I.,

 Fuente: Sensors, 2020, 20(11), 3030

 Publisher: MDPI

 Publication date: 27/05/2020

 No. of pages: 20

 Publication type: Article

 DOI: 10.3390/s20113030

 ISSN: 1424-8220

 Spanish project: RTI2018-093310-B-I00