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Light technology for efficient and effective photodynamic therapy: a critical review

Abstract: Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a cancer treatment with strong potential over well-established standard therapies in certain cases. Non-ionising radiation, localisation, possible repeated treatments, and stimulation of immunological response are some of the main beneficial features of PDT. Despite the great potential, its application remains challenging. Limited light penetration depth, non-ideal photosensitisers, complex dosimetry, and complicated implementations in the clinic are some limiting factors hindering the extended use of PDT. To surpass actual technological paradigms, radically new sources, light-based devices, advanced photosensitisers, measurement devices, and innovative application strategies are under extensive investigation. The main aim of this review is to highlight the advantages/pitfalls, technical challenges and opportunities of PDT, with a focus on technologies for light activation of photosensitisers, such as light sources, delivery devices, and systems. In this vein, a broad overview of the current status of superficial, interstitial, and deep PDT modalities - and a critical review of light sources and their effects on the PDT process - are presented. Insight into the technical advancements and remaining challenges of optical sources and light devices is provided from a physical and bioengineering perspective.

 Autoría: Algorri J.F., Ochoa M., Roldán-Varona P., Rodríguez-Cobo L., López-Higuera J.M.,

 Fuente: Cancers, 2021, 13(14), 3484

 Editorial: MDPI

 Fecha de publicación: 13/07/2021

 Nº de páginas: 42

 Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.3390/cancers13143484

 ISSN: 2072-6694

 Proyecto español: PID2019-107270RB-C21