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Flushing time as a descriptor for heavily modified water bodies classification and management: Application to the Huelva Harbour

Abstract: Since the flushing time is a physical descriptor used to distinguish between different types of heavily modified water bodies (HMWB), the establishment of a methodology for its calculation becomes important. In order to achieve this task, a methodological procedure involving the tide mean value and variable river flow values is proposed. The hydrodynamics were assessed using a two-dimensional model which integrates the depth-averaged mass and momentum equations in the time and space domains and includes a wet-dry point treatment method. The hydrodynamic model calibration and validation were performed on the basis of tidal gauge and velocity current measurements. A reasonable agreement with the field measurements of water elevation and velocity were achieved. On the other hand, a two-dimensional mathematical model, which solves the depth-averaged advection?diffusion equation, was properly calibrated and used to evaluate the behaviour of a conservative tracer within a water body. The transport model calibration was developed according to the field survey data carried out during late spring when the rivers flows are low. This study allowed the flushing time estimation under four scenarios showing that only the estuarine mouth presents a high renewal rate because the current velocities are higher. For heavy rain periods, a flushing time decrease was observed as river flows modify the circulation in the main channel. Neglecting the river forcing was found to be valid for the dry period.

 Autoría: Sámano M.L., Bárcena J.F., García A., Gómez A.G., Álvarez C., Revilla J.A.,

 Fuente: Journal of Environmental Management Volume 107, 30 September 2012, Pages 37-44

 Editorial: Elsevier

 Fecha de publicación: 01/09/2012

 Nº de páginas: 8

 Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2012.04.022

 ISSN: 0301-4797,1095-8630

 Proyecto español: CGL2009-10620

 Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2012.04.022