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Downscaling multi-model climate projection ensembles with deep learning (DeepESD): contribution to CORDEX EUR-44

Abstract: Deep learning (DL) has recently emerged as an innovative tool to downscale climate variables from large-scale atmospheric fields under the perfect-prognosis (PP) approach. Different convolutional neural networks (CNNs) have been applied under present-day conditions with promising results, but little is known about their suitability for extrapolating future climate change conditions. Here, we analyze this problem from a multi-model perspective, developing and evaluating an ensemble of CNN-based downscaled projections (hereafter DeepESD) for temperature and precipitation over the European EUR-44i (0.5º) domain, based on eight global circulation models (GCMs) from the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 (CMIP5). To our knowledge, this is the first time that CNNs have been used to produce downscaled multi-model ensembles based on the perfect-prognosis approach, allowing us to quantify inter-model uncertainty in climate change signals. The results are compared with those corresponding to an EUR-44 ensemble of regional climate models (RCMs) showing that DeepESD reduces distributional biases in the historical period. Moreover, the resulting climate change signals are broadly comparable to those obtained with the RCMs, with similar spatial structures. As for the uncertainty of the climate change signal (measured on the basis of inter-model spread), DeepESD preserves the uncertainty for temperature and results in a reduced uncertainty for precipitation. To facilitate further studies of this downscaling approach, we follow FAIR principles and make publicly available the code (a Jupyter notebook) and the DeepESD dataset. In particular, DeepESD is published at the Earth System Grid Federation (ESGF), as the first continental-wide PP dataset contributing to CORDEX (EUR-44).

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 Autoría: Banõ-Medina J., Manzanas R., Cimadevilla E., Fernandez J., Gonzalez-Abad J., Cofinõ A.S., Gutierrez J.M.,

 Fuente: Geoscientific Model Development, 2022, 15(17), 6747-6758

Editorial: Copernicus Publ. para European Geosciences Union

 Fecha de publicación: 06/09/2022

Nº de páginas: 12

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.5194/gmd-15-6747-2022

ISSN: 1991-959X,1991-9603

 Proyecto español: PID2020-116595RB-I00