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Seasonal and diurnal performance of daily forecasts with WRF V3.8.1 over the United Arab Emirates

Abstract: Effective numerical weather forecasting is vital in arid regions like the United Arab Emirates (UAE) where extreme events like heat waves, flash floods, and dust storms are severe. Hence, accurate forecasting of quantities like surface temperatures and humidity is very important. To date, there have been few seasonal-To-Annual scale verification studies with WRF at high spatial and temporal resolution. This study employs a convection-permitting scale (2.7 km grid scale) simulation with WRF with Noah-MP, in daily forecast mode, from 1 January to 30 November 2015. WRF was verified using measurements of 2m air temperature (T2m), 2mdew point (TD2m), and 10mwind speed (UV10m) from 48 UAE WMO-compliant surface weather stations. Analysis was made of seasonal and diurnal performance within the desert, marine, and mountain regions of the UAE. Results show that WRF represents temperature (T2m) quite adequately during the daytime with biases C1 C. There is, however, a nocturnal cold bias (-1 to-4 C), which increases during hotter months in the desert and mountain regions. The marine region has the smallest T2m biases (-0:75 C). WRF performs well regarding TD2m, with mean biases mostly 1 C. TD2m over the marine region is overestimated, though (0.75 1 C), and nocturnal mountain TD2m is underestimated (-2 C). UV10m performance on land still needs improvement, and biases can occasionally be large (1 2ms-1/. This performance tends to worsen during the hot months, particularly inland with peak biases reaching 3ms-1. UV10m is better simulated in the marine region (bias 1ms-1/. There is an apparent relationship between T2m bias and UV10m bias, which may indicate issues in simulation of the daytime sea breeze. TD2m biases tend to be more independent. Studies such as these are vital for accurate assessment of WRF nowcasting performance and to identify model deficiencies. By combining sensitivity tests, process, and observational studies with seasonal verification, we can further improve forecasting systems for the UAE. © 2021 Copernicus GmbH. All rights reserved.

Otras publicaciones de la misma revista o congreso con autores/as de la Universidad de Cantabria

 Autoría: Branch O., Schwitalla T., Temimi M., Fonseca R., Nelli N., Weston M., Milovac J., Wulfmeyer V.,

 Fuente: Geoscientific Model Development, 2021, 14(3), 1615-1637

Editorial: Copernicus Publ. para European Geosciences Union

 Año de publicación: 2021

Nº de páginas: 23

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.5194/gmd-14-1615-2021

ISSN: 1991-959X,1991-9603