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Can suppression of inflammation by anti-TNF prevent progression of subclinical atherosclerosis in inflammatory arthritis?

Abstract: OBJECTIVE: It remains a matter of debate whether TNF-a antagonists have favourable effects on the cardiovascular (CV) system. This systematic review evaluates the effect of TNF-a blockers on the progression of subclinical atherosclerosis and arterial stiffness in patients with inflammatory arthritis. METHODS: A search of the MEDLINE and Web of Knowledge databases was conducted to identify studies into the effect of TNF-a antagonists on subclinical atherosclerosis and arterial stiffness in patients with RA, AS and PsA. Carotid intimamedia thickness (cIMT) was used to assess subclinical atherosclerosis. Two methods were used to assess arterial stiffness: pulse wave velocity (PWV) and aortic augmentation index (AIx). Twenty-three studies matching the search criteria were included for analysis. RESULTS: TNF-a blockers probably are effective in preventing (7/13 studies) or even reversing (5/13 studies) the progression of IMT in patients with RA, AS and PsA who are responding to treatment. With regard to arterial stiffness, PWV was either significantly reduced (7/13 studies) or remained unchanged (6/13 studies) following TNF-a antagonist treatment. Nonetheless, most studies in RA (7/10) reported significant improvement of PWV. AIx remained unchanged in 10 of 13 studies. CONCLUSION: The balance of evidence suggests that TNF-a antagonists may have a beneficial effect on preventing the progression of subclinical atherosclerosis and arterial stiffness. It remains unknown whether this effect is specific to TNF-a antagonists or relates to better control of inflammation irrespective of the disease modification strategy by which this is achieved.

 Fuente: Rheumatology (Oxford). 2014 Jun;53(6):1108-19.

 Editorial: Oxford University Press

 Fecha de publicación: 01/06/2014

 Nº de páginas: 12

 Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 ISSN: 1462-0324,1462-0332