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Discriminating glioblastoma from peritumoral tissue by a nanohole array-based optical and label-free biosensor

Abstract: In glioblastoma (GBM) patients, maximal safe resection remains a challenge today due to its invasiveness and diffuse parenchymal infiltration. In this context, plasmonic biosensors could potentially help to discriminate tumor tissue from peritumoral parenchyma based on differences in their optical properties. A nanostructured gold biosensor was used ex vivo to identify tumor tissue in a prospective series of 35 GBM patients who underwent surgical treatment. For each patient, two paired samples, tumor and peritumoral tissue, were extracted. Then, the imprint left by each sample on the surface of the biosensor was individually analyzed, obtaining the difference between their refractive indices. The tumor and non-tumor origins of each tissue were assessed by histopathological analysis. The refractive index (RI) values obtained by analyzing the imprint of the tissue were significantly lower (p = 0.0047) in the peritumoral samples (1.341, Interquartile Range (IQR) 1.339?1.349) compared with the tumor samples (1.350, IQR 1.344?1.363). The ROC (receiver operating characteristic) curve showed the capacity of the biosensor to discriminate between both tissues (area under the curve, 0.8779, p < 0.0001). The Youden index provided an optimal RI cut-off point of 0.003. The sensitivity and specificity of the biosensor were 81% and 80%, respectively. Overall, the plasmonic-based nanostructured biosensor is a label-free system with the potential to be used for real-time intraoperative discrimination between tumor and peritumoral tissue in patients with GBM.

 Autoría: García-Milán V., Franco A., Zvezdanova M.E., Marcos S., Martin-Laez R., Moreno F., Velasquez C., Fernandez-Luna J.L.,

 Fuente: Biosensors, 2023, 13, 591

Editorial: MDPI

 Año de publicación: 2023

Nº de páginas: 13

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.3390/bios13060591

ISSN: 2079-6374

Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.3390/bios13060591

Autores/as

VICTOR GARCIA MILAN

ESTREYA ZVEZDANOVA, MARGARITA

SARA MARCOS GONZALEZ

RUBEN MARTIN LAEZ

JOSE LUIS FERNANDEZ LUNA