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Relationship of blood inflammatory composite markers with cardiovascular risk factors and subclinical atherosclerosis in patients with rheumatoid arthritis

Abstract: The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), monocyte-to-lymphocyte ratio (MLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and systemic immune-inflammatory index (SIRI, neutrophils × monocytes/lymphocytes) have been described as potential blood-derived inflammatory biomarkers in several diseases. Rheumatoid arthritis is an inflammatory disease that has been related to an increased risk of cardiovascular (CV) disease. In the present work, we analyze how these hematological composite scores of inflammation are related to classic CV risk factors and subclinical atherosclerosis in patients with RA. In this cross-sectional study that included 430 patients with RA, the NLR, MLR, PLR, and SIRI scores were calculated. Multivariable analysis was performed to examine the relationships of these composite blood scores with subclinical carotid atherosclerosis and with traditional cardiovascular factors, producing a complete profile of lipid molecules and insulin resistance or indices of beta-cell function, and a Systematic Coronary Risk Assessment (SCORE2) calculation. C-reactive protein and disease activity were significantly and positively associated with the four blood composite scores. SCORE2 was significantly associated with higher values of SIRI, NLR, and MLR, but not PLR. These relationships were maintained when SCORE 2 was considered categorical; patients in the very high CV risk category had higher values in all hematological composite scores, except PLR. In the multivariable analysis, SIRI and NLR were independently associated with higher levels of beta cell dysfunction. In conclusion, SCORE2 and the values of the hematological composite scores were positively correlated in patients with RA. In addition, there were some relationships of these scores with traditional CV risk factors, with their association with beta cell dysfunction being the most consistent.

 Autoría: González-Sierra M., Quevedo-Rodríguez A., Romo-Cordero A., González-Chretien G., Quevedo-Abeledo J.C., de Vera-González A., González-Delgado A., Martín-González C., González-Gay M.Á., Ferraz-Amaro I.,

 Fuente: Life, Life 2023, 13, 1469

Editorial: MDPI

 Año de publicación: 2023

Nº de páginas: 15

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.3390/life13071469

ISSN: 2075-1729

Autores/as

GONZÁLEZ-SIERRA, MARTA

QUEVEDO-RODRÍGUEZ, ADRIÁN

ROMO-CORDERO, ALEJANDRO

GONZÁLEZ-CHRETIEN, GAËL

QUEVEDO-ABELEDO, JUAN CARLOS

VERA-GONZÁLEZ, ANTONIA DE

GONZÁLEZ-DELGADO, ALEJANDRA

MARTÍN-GONZÁLEZ, CANDELARIA