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The ratio of monocytes to HDL-cholesterol is associated with cardiovascular risk and insulin resistance in patients with rheumatoid arthritis

Abstract: The monocytes to high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol ratio (MHR) indicates inflammation based on the anti-inflammatory properties of HDL-cholesterol as well as the pro-inflammatory effect of monocytes. Several studies have investigated MHR in various disorders, specifically in cardiovascular diseases. Consequently, MHR has been significantly associated with cardiovascular and all-cause mortality in the general population, regardless of established risk factors. However, its role in the augmented risk of cardiovascular disease found in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has not been studied to date. This is a cross-sectional study that encompassed 430 patients with RA and 208 controls matched by sex and age. Complete blood cell count and complete lipid profile were evaluated. Multivariable analysis was made to analyze the relationship between MHR and RA disease and features subclinical carotid atherosclerosis, and traditional CV factors including insulin resistance and beta cell function indices. MHR values did not differ between controls and patients after multivariable adjustment (12 ± 6 vs. 11 ± 6, p = 0.18). No relationship between this ratio and the characteristics of the disease was found excluding ESR, which showed a significant and positive association with MHR after adjustment for covariates. MHR significantly correlated with Systematic Coronary Risk Evaluation-2 (SCORE2) cardiovascular risk algorithm, and insulin resistance and beta cell function parameters after adjustment. In conclusion, MHR does not differ between patients with RA and controls. The relationship of this biomarker with disease-related data is poor. However, MHR is highly and positively related to cardiovascular risk and insulin resistance in RA.

 Fuente: Life, 2023, 13, 1995

Editorial: MDPI

 Año de publicación: 2023

Nº de páginas: 11

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.3390/life13101995

ISSN: 2075-1729

Autoría

ROMO-CORDERO, ALEJANDRO

GONZÁLEZ-SIERRA, MARTA

QUEVEDO-ABELEDO, JUAN CARLOS

QUEVEDO-RODRÍGUEZ, ADRIÁN

GÓMEZ-BERNAL, FUENSANTA

VERA-GONZÁLEZ, ANTONIA DE

RAQUEL LOPEZ MEJIAS

JIMÉNEZ-SOSA, ALEJANDRO

MARTÍN-GONZÁLEZ, CANDELARIA

FERRAZ-AMARO, IVÁN