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Relationship between malondialdehyde serum levels and disease features in a full characterized series of 284 patients with systemic lupus erythematosus

Abstract: Malondialdehyde (MDA) is a marker of oxidative stress and antioxidant status. Oxidative stress has been observed to be increased in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Some studies have shown that MDA is upregulated in SLE compared to controls. However, the literature lacks reports regarding the relationship of MDA to disease manifestations. This is relevant since SLE is a multisystemic disease which may affect virtually any organ in the body. In this study, we set out to analyze how MDA serum levels are associated with disease expression in a large series of SLE patients who were fully characterized in clinical and laboratory terms. A total of 284 patients with SLE were recruited. Serum levels of MDA, and the activity (SLEDAI), severity (Katz) and damage index (SLICC-DI) scores, full lipid profile, and carotid subclinical atherosclerosis were assessed. In addition, a full characterization of the complement system was performed in SLE patients? samples. Multivariable linear regression analysis was executed to study the relationship between clinical and laboratory disease characteristics and MDA. A statistically significant negative relationship was found between disease duration and MDA. In contrast, the presence of anti-nucleosome antibodies was positively associated with MDA. Regarding the SLICC-DI areas, both the musculoskeletal domain and the cutaneous domain were significantly related to higher serum MDA values. Furthermore, after adjustment for confounding factors, lower levels of the classical complement pathway, which denotes activation, were associated with higher serum levels of MDA. In conclusion, cumulative musculoskeletal and skin damage in SLE patients is associated with superior serum levels of MDA. In addition, activation of the complement system is also related to higher circulating MDA levels.

 Autoría: Merino de Paz N., García-González M., Gómez-Bernal F., Quevedo-Abeledo J.C., de Vera-González A., López-Mejias R., Abreu-González P., Martín-González C., González-Gay M., Ferraz-Amaro I.,

 Fuente: Antioxidants, 2023, 12, 1535

Editorial: MDPI AG

 Año de publicación: 2023

Nº de páginas: 15

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.3390/antiox12081535

ISSN: 2076-3921

Autoría

MERINO DE PAZ, NAYRA

GARCÍA-GONZÁLEZ, MARÍA

GÓMEZ-BERNAL, FUENSANTA

QUEVEDO-ABELEDO, JUAN C.

VERA-GONZÁLEZ, ANTONIA DE

RAQUEL LOPEZ MEJIAS

ABREU-GONZÁLEZ, PEDRO

MARTÍN-GONZÁLEZ, CANDELARIA