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Valve surgery in active infective endocarditis: a simple score to predict in-hospital prognosis

Abstract: Aims: Surgery for infective endocarditis (IE) is associated with high mortality. Our objectives were to describe the experience with surgical treatment for IE in Spain, and to identify predictors of in-hospital mortality. Methods: Prospective cohort of 1000 consecutive patients with IE. Data were collected in 26 Spanish hospitals. Results: Surgery was performed in 437 patients (43.7%). Patients treated with surgery were younger and predominantly male. They presented fewer comorbid conditions and more often had negative blood cultures and heart failure. In-hospital mortality after surgery was lower than in the medical therapy group (24.3 vs 30.7%, p = 0.02). In patients treated with surgery, endocarditis involved a native valve in 267 patients (61.1%), a prosthetic valve in 122 (27.9%), and a pacemaker lead with no clear further valve involvement in 48 (11.0%). The most common aetiologies were Staphylococcus (186, 42.6%), Streptococcus (97, 22.2%), and Enterococcus (49, 11.2%). The main indications for surgery were heart failure and severe valve regurgitation. A risk score for in-hospital mortality was developed using 7 prognostic variables with a similar predictive value (OR between 1.7 and 2.3): PALSUSE: prosthetic valve, age ? 70, large intracardiac destruction, Staphylococcus spp, urgent surgery, sex [female], EuroSCORE ? 10. Inhospital mortality ranged from 0% in patients with a PALSUSE score of 0 to 45.4% in patients with PALSUSE score N3. Conclusions: The prognosis of IE surgery is highly variable. The PALSUSE score could help to identify patients with higher in-hospital mortality.

Otras publicaciones de la misma revista o congreso con autores/as de la Universidad de Cantabria

 Fuente: International Journal of Cardiology, 2014, 175(1), 133-137

Editorial: Elsevier

 Año de publicación: 2014

Nº de páginas: 5

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2014.04.266

ISSN: 0167-5273,1874-1754

Url de la publicación: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2014.04.266

Autoría

MARTÍNEZ-SELLÉS, MANUEL

MUÑOZ, PATRICIA

ARNÁIZ, ANA

MAR MORENO, MAR

GÁLVEZ, JUAN

RODRÍGUEZ-RODA, JORGE

ALARCÓN, ARÍSTIDES DE

GARCÍA CABRERA, EMILIO

MONTEJO, MIGUEL

MORENO, ALFONSO

RUIZ-MORALES, JOSEFA

GOENAGA, MIGUEL A.

BOUZA, EMILIO