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Andromeda's Parachute: Time Delays and Hubble Constant

Abstract: The gravitational lens system PS J0147+4630 (Andromeda's Parachute) consists of four quasar images ABCD and a lensing galaxy. We obtained r-band light curves of ABCD in the 2017?2022 period from monitoring with two 2 m class telescopes. Applying state-of-the-art curve-shifting algorithms to these light curves led to measurements of time delays between images, and the three independent delays relative to image D are accurate enough to be used in cosmological studies (uncertainty of about 4%): ?tAD = ?170.5 ± 7.0, ?tBD = ?170.4 ± 6.0, and ?tCD = ?177.0 ± 6.5 days, where image D is trailing all the other images. Our finely sampled light curves and some additional fluxes in the years 2010?2013 also demonstrated the presence of significant microlensing variations. From the measured delays relative to image D and typical values of the external convergence, recent lens mass models yielded a Hubble constant that is in clear disagreement with currently accepted values around 70 km s?1 Mpc?1. We discuss how to account for a standard value of the Hubble constant without invoking the presence of an extraordinary high external convergence.

Otras publicaciones de la misma revista o congreso con autores/as de la Universidad de Cantabria

 Fuente: The Astrophysical Journal, 2023, 955(2), 140

Editorial: Institute of Physics Publishing

 Fecha de publicación: 01/09/2023

Nº de páginas: 7

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/acee7e

ISSN: 0004-637X,1538-4357

 Proyecto español: PID2020-118990GB-I00

Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/acee7e