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 Detalle_Publicacion

PEARLS: Low Stellar Density Galaxies in the El Gordo Cluster Observed with JWST

Abstract: A full understanding of how unusually large ultradiffuse galaxies (UDGs) fit into our conventional theory of galaxy formation remains elusive, despite the large number of objects identified locally. A natural extension of UDG research is the study of similar galaxies at higher redshift to establish how their properties may evolve over time. However, this has been a challenging task given how severely systematic effects and cosmological surface brightness dimming inhibit our ability to analyze low surface brightness galaxies at high z. Here, we present a sample of low stellar surface density galaxies (LDGs) at moderate redshift, likely the progenitors of local UDGs, identified using deep near-IR observations of the El Gordo cluster at z = 0.87 with JWST. By stacking eight NIRCAM filters, we reach an apparent surface brightness sensitivity of 24.59 mag arcsec?2 , which is faint enough to be complete to the bright end of the LDG population. Our analysis identifies significant differences between this population and UDGs observed locally, such as their color and size distributions, which suggest that the UDG progenitors at high z are bluer and more extended than UDGs at z = 0. This suggests that multiple mechanisms are responsible for the UDG formation and that prolonged transformation of cluster dwarfs is not a primary UDG formation mechanism at high z. Furthermore, we find a slight overabundance of LDGs in El Gordo, and, in contrast to findings in local clusters, our analysis does not show a deficit of LDGs in the center of El Gordo, implying that tidal destruction of LDGs is significant between z = 0.87 and z = 0.

Otras publicaciones de la misma revista o congreso con autores/as de la Universidad de Cantabria

 Autoría: Carleton T., Cohen S.H., Frye B.L., Pigarelli A., Zhang J., Windhorst R.A., Diego J.M., Conselice C.J., Cheng C., Driver S.P., Foo N., Bhatawdekar R.A., Kamieneski P., Jansen R.A., Yan H., Summers J., Robotham A.S.G., Willmer C.N.A., Koekemoer A.M., Tompkins S., Coe D., Grogin N.A., Marshall M.A., Nonino M., Pirzkal N., Ryan R.E.,

 Fuente: Astrophysical Journal, 2023, 953(83)

Editorial: Institute of Physics Publishing

 Año de publicación: 2023

Nº de páginas: 12

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ace343

ISSN: 0004-637X,1538-4357

 Proyecto español: PGC2018- 101814-B-100

Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/ace343

Autoría

CARLETON, TIMOTHY

COHEN, SETH H.

FRYE, BRENDA L.

PIGARELLI, ALEX

ZHANG, JIASHUO

WINDHORST, ROGIER A.

CONSELICE, CHRISTOPHER J.

CHENG, CHENG

DRIVER, SIMON P.

FOO, NICHOLAS

BHATAWDEKAR, RACHANA A.

KAMIENESKI, PATRICK

JANSEN, ROLF A.

YAN, HAOJING

SUMMERS, JAKE

ROBOTHAM, AARON S. G.

WILLMER, CHRISTOPHER N. A.

KOEKEMOER, ANTON M.

TOMPKINS, SCOTT