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Interdigital tissue remodelling in the embryonic limb involves dynamic regulation of the miRNA profiles

Abstract: Next-generation sequencing in combination with quantitative polymerase chain reaction analysis revealed a dynamic miRNA signature in the interdigital mesoderm of the chick embryonic hinlimb in the course of interdigit remodelling. During this period, 612 previously known chicken miRNAs (gga-miRNAs) and 401 non-identified sequences were expressed in the interdigital mesoderm. Thirty-six microRNAs, represented by more than 750 reads per million, displayed differential expression between stages HH29 (6 id) and HH32 (7.5 id), which correspond to the onset and the peak of interdigital cell death. Twenty miRNAs were upregulated by at least 1.5-fold, and sixteen were downregulated by at least 0.5-fold. Upregulated miRNAs included miRNAs with recognized proapoptotic functions in other systems (miR-181 family, miR-451 and miR-148a), miRNAs associated with inflammation and cell senescence (miR-21 and miR-146) and miRNAs able to induce changes in the extracellular matrix (miR-30c). In contrast, miRNAs with known antiapoptotic effects in other systems, such as miR-222 and miR-205, became downregulated. In addition, miR-92, an important positive regulator of cell proliferation, was also downregulated. Together, these findings indicate a role for miRNAs in the control of tissue regression and cell death in a characteristic morphogenetic embryonic process based on massive apoptosis.

 Autoría: Garcia-Riart B., Lorda-Diez C.I., Marin-Llera J.C., Garcia-Porrero J.A., Hurle J.M., Montero J.A.,

 Fuente: Journal of Anatomy, 2017, 231, 275-286

 Editorial: John Wiley & Sons

 Año de publicación: 2017

 Nº de páginas: 12

 Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1111/joa.12629

 ISSN: 0021-8782,1469-7580

 Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1111/joa.12629