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Upconversion quantum yield of Er3 + -doped b-NaYF4 and Gd2O2S: the effects of host lattice, Er3 + doping, and excitation spectrum bandwidth

Abstract: The upconversion luminescence of b-NaYF4 and Gd2O2S doped with Er3 þ was investigated under 4I15/2-4I13/2 excitation around 1500 nm. The main 4I11/2-4I15/2 upconversion emission around 1000 nm is ideally suited for the excitation of silicon solar cells with a band gap of approximately 1150 nm. The upconversion quantum yields (UCQYs) of these materials were measured under monochromatic and broad-band excitations for different Er3 þ doping levels. We observed a strong dependence of the UCQY on the Er3 þ doping, the spectral bandwidth of the excitation, and the irradiance. The best performing samples were Gd2O2S: 10% Er3 þ for monochromatic excitation and b-NaYF4: 25% Er3 þ for broad-band excitation. Both host materials reach similar external UCQYs for large monochromatic irradiance values above 3500 W/m2. Particularly, the best external (internal) UCQYs are 8.6% (12.0%) for b-NaYF4: 25% Er3 þ and 8.5% (15.1%) for Gd2O2S: 10% Er3 þ at irradiances of 4020 W/m2 and 4070 W/m2, respectively. Under broad- band excitation we found the external UCQY of b-NaYF4: 25% Er3 þ to be up to 1.71 times larger than that for Gd2O2S: 10% Er3 þ, depending on the spectral bandwidth and the irradiance of the excitation. Thus, the b-NaYF4 host lattice seems to be more advantageous for broad-band excitation, as required for instance in solar cell applications, whereas the external UCQY of the Gd2O2S host lattice is larger under monochro- matic excitation at low irradiances.

 Fuente: Journal of Luminescence, 2014, 153, 281-287

Editorial: Elsevier

 Fecha de publicación: 01/09/2014

Nº de páginas: 7

Tipo de publicación: Artículo de Revista

 DOI: 10.1016/j.jlumin.2014.03.047

ISSN: 0022-2313,1872-7883

Url de la publicación: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jlumin.2014.03.047